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Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio, an Italian artist who was one of the first to work in the picturesque Baroque style, wrote Bacchus in a fairly calm and serene period of his life. This can be assumed on the basis of the fact that Caravaggio painted this character earlier, but not with full strength, well done, but with a sick and somewhat shabby peasant with a drunken face.
The painting is a portrait of a young man in the image of the Greek deity Bacchus. He is dressed, or rather, half-dressed in white clothes, belted with a black belt, the end of which Bacchus holds in his right hand. With his left hand he holds out a wide glass full of wine, as if inviting the viewer to take part in a revel. On the table in front of the deity is a bowl of fruit and a pot-bellied bottle of wine.
Bacchus is healthy and muscular, his cheeks radiate with a blush of a healthy, unencumbered person. But his face is puffy and somehow effeminate, there is nothing in his eyes but half-drunken languor, which is unknown what could result - either in a fight with mythical drinking buddies, or in a dream amid dining utensils. The young black resin hair of the young man looks like artificial, which may be true - there are references to the use of wigs by the artist.
Bacchus sits on a white bedspread, but it does not block the long-unwashed striped pillow - a symbol of some impurity. The young man’s hand holding the glass, apparently, hasn’t been washed for a long time, and dirt has accumulated under the nails - it looks more like the hand of a tattered man than the hand of an ancient deity.
The fruits on the table for the most part are suitable only for ejection - they are wrinkled, bitten, and some of them rotted and spoiled by the tracks. The grenade lying among them, which has lost its presentation, is a symbol of the loss of purity and innocence.