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"Flora" is a fragment of the famous canvas called "Spring", which was created by Botticelli in 1482. The source of inspiration for the painter was the work of Roman literature - the poems of Titus Lucretius and Ovid. According to the artist, the picture depicts a clearing.
To her right are the wind god Zephyr (next to him are trees without fruit), pursued by Chloris and Flora, the goddess of flowers. Next, Venus stands alone, over which Cupid soars, and on the left side of the picture are the Kharites - Aglaya, Efrosina and Talia.
Goddess Flora is an eternal symbol of fertility. That is why in the picture her image is particularly colorful and bright. In the wreath of Flora, you can see more than forty species of plants and flowers, among which are lilies of the valley, violets, daisies and many others. This observation disproves the once widespread belief that Botticelli depicted plants schematically.
Of course, he was far from accurate, scientific observation of Leonardo da Vinci, but he did not follow the conditional principles of writing, so characteristic of the Proto-Renaissance. Especially good for the artist were roses - a warm-reddish color, luxurious and ephemeral. And cornflowers, coupled with daisies under the brush of a talented artist, began to resemble stars.
Weaving flowers into Flora’s wreath, combining them with berries and fruits, Botticelli did the work of almost jewelry complexity. Worthy is the very image of the goddess, which is fully consistent with the ideas about her.
Art historians have repeatedly noted the role of symbolism in the canvas. So, if you look at the heroes of the picture, you can see in them the repetition of the rhythm 3–1. Symbolic is the image of the flowers of Flora. So, carnations and some other flowers send to earthly, carnal love. To some extent, they are opposed to lilies and carnations, indicating sublime, unearthly feelings.
Transfiguration Rafael Santi