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Oil painting "I and the Village" was painted by Marc Chagall in 1911.
On the canvas, Chagall depicted not even a village, but his hometown - Vitebsk, which he named the village because of its eternal serenity and harmonious coexistence of man and nature.
In the complex composition of the picture, obvious elements of cubism are noticeable, in addition, the division into sectors intersecting lines intersecting at different angles is striking.
Everything in this picture is endowed with a certain meaning, which is much deeper than the everyday understanding of the word "village". The lamb's head is white and blue and overlaps with a typical milking scene of a cow milking in a typical countryside. Looking further, we will see a village in which some of the colorful houses are turned upside down, an unnaturally large head is visible under the bell tower, and a man with a scythe is trying to talk about something with a girl walking upside down.
In this, we notice a hint of eternal difficulties in understanding sexes. All this is nothing but the bright memories of a man with a green face, dressed in Russian clothes with a cross on his neck. He holds a twig or trunk of a small tree and, opening his mouth slightly, looks into the distance with blue and slightly blurred eyes. We can say that this is to some extent a self-portrait of an artist who recalls with reverence the years of childhood.
The author of the picture divided the image into elements, each of which is a memory that flows into another, causes multiple associations, which allows you to create an extraordinary picture of the world. That is why one image appears on another completely unexpected and even chaotic. The poet Blaise Sandrar, who was a good friend of Mark, came up with a name for the painting, and Guillaume Apollinaire, who spoke extremely positively about the artist’s work, called his works in this genre supernatural and surreal. Thus, decades before the widespread spread of surrealism, Chagall was already creating paintings that explode consciousness with its versatility and unusual for that time ways of representing the world.
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